د. عبد الفتاح ماضي الخميس، 24 نيسان / أبريل 2014 22:43
Abdelfattah Mady, The Future of Political Islam in Egypt after June 30th, WOCMES 2014-World Congress for Middle East Studies, Ankara, Turkey, August 18-22, 2014.
The Future of Political Islam in Egypt after June 30th.
In Egypt, the country where the Muslim Brotherhood (MB) and many other Islamist groups emerged, Islamists have been deprived of their right to participate in political life through official parties or organizations since 1954. Following Mubarak's ousting, the MB emerged as a dominant political force in Egypt. However, after a short period of coordination during the massive 18-day protests that forced former President Hosni Mubarek to step down, Islamists as well as other political forces focused on their own interests, overlooking the national priority of democratic transition and institution-building. There was a perception among political forces that the gains that have not been obtained now will never be obtained.
The MB party, named the Freedom and Justice Party (FJP), won in all elections that held. The 2011–12 Parliamentary election resulted in the FJP winning 47.2 % of all seats in the lower house of parliament and in June 2012 president of the party, Mohamed Morsi, won the presidential elections. A few months later, Egypt was divided between two factions: that of President Morsi and his Islamist allies on the one hand, and the liberals, leftists, Christians and moderate Muslims on the other hand.
In fact, the army, which took power to govern Egypt after the ousting of Mubarak, handled transition in Egypt. Although the army officially handed over power to the President, it continued to exercise ultimate control over state institutions. In July 2013, the army overthrew the president, suspended the constitution, appointed an interim head of state, and arrested many members of the MB and their allies on allegations of "inciting violence and disturbing general security and peace." Later, an Egyptian court banned the MB and froze their assets.
This research paper is concerned with the future of political Islam in Egypt after June 30. It poses two major questions: is political Islam dismantling? And are the so called "Islamic Movements" going to be replaced by other political alternatives following the ousting of President Mohamed Morsi and MB's government?